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How to Install Solar Panels Step by Step

Aug 25


Solar panels can be installed by you at a fraction of the cost. However, it can be daunting to learn how to install solar panels. Don't worry! We have a step-by-step guide for solar panel installation that will help you navigate the process, no matter if you are looking at a grid-tie or off-grid system.

Solar Installation Planning & Safety

A well-constructed plan and safety measures are the key to a successful solar panel installation project.

There are several things you can do to ensure that the entire solar installation process runs smoothly. These are:


  • You can purchase materials (wires, tools, etc.) that are not part of your shipment.
  • Stay organized even when you're unboxing your system
  • To ensure that nothing is missing or damaged, inspect your shipment.
  • Safety guidelines for installing your system


This means that the average person will prefer to hire professional solar panel installers. Properly designed PV systems will result in far greater savings than DIY installations. Solar panel installation is not something that can be done in a matter of hours.


There are some essential steps to ensure a reliable, efficient, and cost-effective renewable energy system. These are the basics of solar panel installation.


1) Conduct a Site Survey with an Engineer

After you have chosen Arizona’s best solar company to install solar panels in your home, and signed a contract, an engineer will visit your home to assess your electrical system to ensure it is compatible with the design of your solar panel system.


The engineer could be an employee or an independent contractor. The engineer might tell you to replace or upgrade an older electrical system if it is not in good condition. This indicates that your new solar system will need more amps than your current system.


An engineer will inspect your roof as well as your electrical system. It will be checked for structural integrity and ability to support solar paneling. You will also be informed by the engineer if you require a specialized mounting system for your flat roof.


An efficient solar energy system can only perform as well if it is designed correctly. Therefore, hiring a trusted solar engineer is a crucial step in the process. Looking for an installation company in your area? To get a free quote and connect with a solar company in your area, click here Arizona Solar Companies.

2) Secure the right Permits

There will be some bureaucratic hurdles to clear before you can install your solar panel. To ensure that your solar panel installation is legal and meets all local safety and zoning regulations, you will need to get all the necessary permits.


You would be shocked at the hassles that come with installing solar panels before permits are issued. This may sound daunting. However, there is much paperwork that must be completed in order to install solar panels. Most of this paperwork can be handled by your solar company.


While you may not be required to sign anything, it's important to know what's happening behind closed doors. It is a good idea for you to check in with your contact every day to ensure the process is going smoothly. Solar companies are busy running their businesses, so the grease doesn't get to the wheels.


3) Get the Right Equipment

Once all permits and paperwork are in order, your solar installer is ready to place your order. This is the time when you'll have chosen the right type of solar panel and the best inverters or batteries for your home.

These decisions are often laid out in a proposed solar system, which you will receive well before you sign your contract. It is important to understand how solar panels work, and what options are available.

No matter what your budget is, your solar contractor can help you select the best equipment to meet your solar energy goals. Your name will be added to the queue for an installer once your solar equipment has been ordered. This means that your name will be added to the list of installers who will assemble your panels as soon as they arrive at the distributor.


4) Get your Solar Panels installed

Finally, the big moment arrives. Your solar installer will arrive to prepare your roof. He or she will verify that all tiles and/or shingles are attached securely. The installer will then attach the wiring to your residential solar system.

Once the wires are installed, the installer will install a racking that holds the solar panels in place. After the wires are installed, the inverter (or multiple microinverters), is connected to each panel.

Installers will also install your battery bank if it is available. Learn more about the Generac PWRcell battery home battery. How long does it take to install solar panels? This is a common question. It all depends upon the size of your house and the extent of the solar panel installation. However, you can expect to complete the job in one to three working days. This stage should not be difficult if your solar system is well-designed and planned.


5) Get your system connected and approved.

Once the system has been installed, the installer will simply "flip" the switch to turn it on. To turn on your residential solar system, you will first need to have it approved by the municipal government. This is called permission to operate.


This is simply a safety precaution to ensure that there's someone who can verify and validate the wiring. Interconnecting the system will require a representative from the local utility company. This is when it connects to the electricity grid.

This allows you the ability to draw electricity whenever you need it. You can also safely feed surplus energy back into your grid. This could result in credits from your utility companies via net metering programs.